by Dr J Floor Anthoni (2007)
The Goat Island marine reserve was established
in 1975, and since then, the fished species like snapper and crayfish have
become more numerous. More importantly, they have become used to people
swimming with them, and some have even lost all fear. So, what would it
be like to snorkel in this 'marine aquarium'? Try this unforgettable experience
out and come snorkelling at Goat Island, but first check the sea
You have arrived at New zealand's first marine reserve around Goat Island.
This map shows how this marine protected area hugs the coast from Cape
Rodney to Okakari point like an 800m wide ribbon. It was established to
give the marine scientists at the Leigh Marine Laboratory of the University
of Auckland a place to do their research and investigations. Therefore
you may not disturb the environment or take anything with you. On this
map you can find where the Marine Laboratory is located. You will also
see that Seafriends is located at the beginning of the Goat Island Road.
don't miss it!
Follow these links to read more about the Goat Island marine reserve
and about marine conservation and
how we expect too much of marine reserves,
which results in myths and fallacies.
Obviously we need to be smarter.
This aerial photo shows at left Goat Island, in the middle
the Goat Island Channel and Goat Island beach, and middle right the car
parking area. In the middle distance you see the large Marine Laboratory
and at the horizon Little Barrier Island. Cape Rodney is hidden behind
the hill, but all sea to the right belongs to the Hauraki Gulf.
This aerial photo shows most of the snorkelling area on the
sea, and as you will notice, the sea is not very deep, on this photo 7m
at most. The dark patches are seaweeds, mainly stalked kelp, whereas the
light patches can be either barren rock or sand. Most of the sandy areas
flow like rivers between the rocks. Roughly between Goat Island and the
beach is Shag Rock, where you will encounter many fish species.
Goat Island beach can be as wide as this during a spring
low tide, but when the tide comes in, it disappears under water. During
southerly winds, the beach is very sheltered and the water usually clear
but cool because the warmer water is blown out to sea.
Another view of Goat Island beach shows that one can also
claim a spot on the grass. On warm days in January, the beach area can
be as busy as shown, while car parking becomes inadequate.
course you haven't come to Goat Island to just lie on the beach. You want
to swim and look at the fishes. For this you need a good mask and fins
and to protect yourself, also a good wetsuit. Do not be tempted to hire
these anywhere else but from Seafriends, because in doing so you will enable
us to maintain and expand this educational web site and run school programmes,
while also fighting to save our seas for future generations. Become a Seafriend!
At Seafriends you will be amazed at the hundreds of dive and snorkel
suits, masks and fins and their high quality and cleanliness. The staff
at Seafriends take their time to make everything fit precisely and they
also give you advice on the conditions of the day. Follow these links for
dive gear, and how to use it, and for dive gear prices.
For big groups and schools we have special discounts and an unforgettable
programme consisting of snorkelling, beach study and lecture with aquarium
The most awesome experience of swimming with the fishes is
seeing large snappers like Mr Perfect almost at touching distance. Mr Perfect
is over 20 years old.
The very large snappers have been given names so one can
tell others. This is Panda on account of its dark eye and snout. Panda
is over 30 years old.
Already near the beach the friendly fishes are waiting for
you. When feeding the fishes was not prohibited, the fishes learnt quickly
that people brought food, and this they still beg for. You may wish to
read whether feeding the fishes is
a bad thing.
A good photo of large snapper, blue maomao and silver trevally
milling around the snorkeldiver.
you want to know more about the many fishes that you see either around
you, or at some distance hiding under a rocky ledge, you will most certainly
be interested to read all you can about
Goat Island. In this very informative and large chapter you can read
about the history of Goat Island, its many secret dive spots and its many
inhabitants. This little fish for instance, looks like a blue maomao but
is in fact a grey maomao or sweep. We are also working on a large section
about species identification and classification,
and the blue maomao and sweep are already there, as is also the snapper,
goatfish and several others you will meet on your very first swim.
in the sea, unimpeded by clumsy dive gear, is hugely interesting and exciting.
It can also be very safe, much safer than swimming without mask or fins,
if only you knew how to do it. Experienced snorkeldivers or free-divers
as they are called, can stay under for up to a minute on a single breath,
reaching depths of 10m or more, and you can do this too. Once you have
mastered it, this skill will remain with you, wherever you go. So read
our snorkelling without fear course
and follow it to the letter. In this free course you will learn how to
use mask and flippers and what to do and not to do in the sea. You will
learn techniques for going in and out of the sea, and for staying down
on a single breath. You'll be amazed how much you will progress in a single
hour. Tell others about it.
there is no fishing in a protected area, one would expect the fishes there
to become more numerous, and also older, thus bigger. This is entirely
true in an ideal situation, but unfortunately the seas around New Zealand
have become rather sick. Everywhere, even inside protected areas, there
is less fish and many species are disappearing from their areas. Goat Island
is no exception. Apparently, marine reserves do not protect against the
new threats in the sea. Read more about the promise
and disappointment of marine reserves and how New
Zealand's shellfish populations have collapsed.
For instance, in winter time, when people do not visit the marine reserve,
the sea can look quite different as this photo shows. Mud has entered the
sea from the land, and this creates serious problems for marine creatures,
without exception. Obviously a marine reserve does not protect against
this kind of threat. You may now be interested to read more about marine
degradation. It is a terrible and rapidly worsening situation that
we must fight with all our might. By doing business with Seafriends, you
help to fund this fight.
Seafriends Marine Conservation & Education Centre and Café:
7 Goat Island Rd; Leigh. Ph/Fx 094226212; e-mail.